Trees and shrubs are important landscape design elements. They add decorative curb appeal, create privacy and can even help reduce heating and cooling cost. The first part of choosing a tree or shrub in your landscape design is asking yourself, why do you want one? Do you want shade? If so you want a big leafy tree. Do you want privacy? In that case a tall hedge would do. Or do you want to add color to your landscape design? In that case, you want a small ornamental flowering tree. The next step is to choose the right location in your landscape design to put your tree. That means matching the species to the right conditions and giving it the right amount of moisture and the right amount of light. Next you need to think about how the trees and shrubs will fill the space in your landscape design. A small tree, something under 25 feet, should be planted at least 8 feet from the house. While large trees, 25 feet and taller, should be at least 15 feet from the house. Deciduous trees and shrubs lose their leaves in autumn, while evergreen trees keep them year round. Next think about the energy-saving and privacy effects of trees and shrubs. Deciduous trees leaf out in the summer, so they can actually protect the house from a lot of the sun’s heat and reduce your cooling cost. They will lose their leaves in the winter but it is cold during the winter so it doesn’t matter. Evergreen needles retain their needles all year so they are going to give you privacy year round as well. These are all things to consider in your landscape design.